Rodents, such as mice and rats, live in and feed on garbage and refuse. Disease-causing microorganisms are therefore often present on their hair and in their feces and urine. Microorganisms can be transmitted to people when rodents come into contact with and contaminate food and food-contact surfaces. Additionally, flies breed in and feed on garbage, refuse, and sewage. Disease-causing microorganisms are therefore often present on their body hairs and mouth parts. Microorganisms can be transmitted to people when flies land on and contaminate food and utensils.
B. Pest Control: Pesticide Application
Effective and approved measures must be taken to control insects, rodents, and other pests that may get into food establishments. Effective pest management includes:
Preventing entry of pests into the establishment by providing tight-fitting doors and threshold.
Keeping outside door closed, and sealing off any cracks or openings in foundations or around utility penetrations.
Depriving pests of food, water, and shelter by keeping the premises clean and free of the accumulation of refuse, garbage, and food spills.
Killing what gets in with the use of traps or pesticides. Only approved pesticides, registered for application in food establishments, can be applied. All pesticides must be used according to label directions. Rodent baits must be contained and dispensed from closed, tamper-proof bait stations. The use of open bait stations or tracking powder pesticides can result in the pesticides being dispersed throughout the food establishment, and ultimately contaminating food and food-contact surfaces.
C. Pest Control: Animals Prohibited
Live animals can carry disease-causing microorganisms that can be transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contamination of food and food-contact surfaces. Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, and other types of live animals are therefore not allowed in food establishments. Guide and service animals accompanying blind, visual- or hearing-impaired, or otherwise physically disabled persons are permitted in customer and office areas.